Agreement Of Past Participle In Italian

If we use past participation with essere, it must match the subject in number and gender. This means that the end of the past part must change to: o if the subject is masculine singular i, if the subject is masculine plural a, if the subject is feminine singular e if the subject is of the feminine plural That is, concordance is mandatory if participation relates to one of these pronouns preceding it: “lo”, “la”, “li”, “le”. The question of the previous correspondence with the ad hoc “avere”, when a direct object is present in the sentence, is dealt with in sections 365 to 369 of the book Italiano by Luca Serianni. In section 365, this author explains that there are other cases with the auxiliary “avere”, where the correspondence of the previous part with the direct object is optional, with a tendency in modern Italian not to make such a correspondence. They are extensively dealt with in Serianni`s book. Some of them are explained in this article by accademia della Crusca. Here is the past participation with the direct object pronoun. You will notice that past participation, in gender and number, corresponds to the direct object that I highlighted in blue. Please note that we cannot use these past entries alone to speak in the past. We always need a help appointment in front of them! If the verb we want to express in the past uses AVERE as a tool, we do not have to change the past partition. It doesn`t matter who the subject or object is. As there is li, past participation is declined due to the plurality of the object.

First of all, with the “agreement” of the past particle, we think this: not quite on the part – but readers could enjoy it – are forced to the video on “Il congiuntivo” by Lorenzo Baglioni to I have often read that the endings of the previous part do not change when used in association with the assistant “avere”. However, I am increasingly seeing that this is not the case. For example, I recently discovered that past participation, used as a temporal form with avere and passato prossimo, does not change according to gender and plurality. You say ho messo a posto il frullatore et ho messo a posto i temperini nel cassetto. When used with avere, the past participation always ends with the masculine singular o, unless the verb is preceded by the direct object pronoun it, him, her or them. . . .

Tjip de Jong

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