How Does The Paris Agreement Help The Environment
Ahead of the Paris meeting, the UN tasked countries with presenting plans detailing how they intend to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These plans have been technically designated as planned national contributions (NDIs). As of December 10, 2015, 185 countries had submitted measures to limit or reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 2025 or 2030. In 2014, the United States announced its intention to reduce its emissions by 26 to 28 percent from 2005 by 2025. To achieve this goal, the country`s Clean Power Plan should set limit values for existing and projected emissions from power plants. China, the country with the most greenhouse gas emissions, has set a goal of reaching its carbon dioxide emissions “by 2030 and doing its best to reach an early peak.” Chinese officials have also worked to reduce carbon dioxide emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 60 to 65 percent from their 2005 level. While the expanded transparency framework is universal, as is the global inventory to be held every five years, the framework aims to provide “integrated flexibility” to distinguish between the capacities of developed and developing countries. In this context, the Paris Agreement includes provisions to improve the capacity building framework.  The agreement recognises the different circumstances of some countries and notes in particular that the technical expert review for each country takes into account that country`s specific reporting capacity. The agreement also develops an initiative to enhance transparency to help developing countries put in place the institutions and processes necessary to comply with the transparency framework.  From November 30 to December 11, 2015, France hosted representatives from 196 countries at the United Nations Climate Change (UN) Conference, one of the largest and most ambitious global meetings ever organized. The goal was nothing less than a binding and universal agreement to limit greenhouse gas emissions to a level that would prevent global temperatures from rising more than 2°C (3.6°F) above the temperature level set before the start of the Industrial Revolution. Article 6 states that it contains some of the most important provisions of the Paris Agreement.  Overall, cooperative approaches that parties can take to achieve their national carbon emission reductions are outlined. It thus contributes to making the Paris Agreement a framework for a global carbon market.  However, the parties could not agree on the modalities for implementing Article 6 of the Agreement on the Use of Carbon Markets and deferred these decisions to COP 26. On August 4, 2017, the Trump administration officially communicated to the United Nations that the United States intended to withdraw from the Paris Agreement as soon as it had the legal right to do so.  The withdrawal request could only be filed when the agreement for the United States entered into force on November 4, 2019 for a three-year sentence.   On November 27, 2019, the U.S. government deposited the withdrawal notification with the United Nations Secretary-General, depositary of the agreement, and formally withdrew from the Paris Climate Agreement a year later, when the withdrawal entered into force.  After the November 2020 election, President-elect Joe Biden pledged to reinstate the United States in the Paris Agreement on his first day in office and to renew America`s commitment to mitigate climate change.   While the formal re-entry of the agreement is simple, the biggest challenge for a Biden administration would be to propose a new America.